In the late seventeenth century the invention of coke, the smokeless fuel source, brought about the creation of pale malt. It is believed that before this time, all beers were lightly smoked and brown in colour because the malts were dried over wood fires. The Brown Ales that we are familiar with today are a relatively modern creation, introduced as a midpoint between Porter and Mild. Most of these Brown Ales tend toward either sweet and malty or medium-dry and hoppy, but in all instances you can expect chocolate, caramel, toffee, dried fruit, nut, biscuit and toast flavours.